Advanced Materials, 13 August, 2022, DOI：https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202205324
Edge-site Engineering of Defective Fe-N4 nanozymes with Boosted Catalase-like Performance for Retinal Vasculopathies
Ruofei Zhang,Bai Xue,Yanhong Tao,Hanqing Zhao,Zixia Zhang,Xiaonan Wang,Xinyao Zhou,Bing Jiang,Zhenglin Yang,Xiyun Yan,Kelong Fan
Extensive efforts have been devoted to refining metal sites for optimizing the catalytic performance of single-atom nanozymes (SANzymes), while the contribution of the defect environment neighboring metal sites lacks attention. Herein, an iron-based SANzyme (Fe-SANzyme) is rationally designed by edge-site engineering, which intensively exposes edge-hosted defective Fe-N4 atomic sites anchored in hierarchical mesoporous structures. The Fe-SANzyme exhibits excellent catalase-like activity capable of efficiently catalyzing the decomposition of H2O2 into O2 and H2O, with a catalytic kinetic KM value superior to that of natural catalase and reported nanozymes. The mechanistic studies depict that the defects introduce notable charge transfer from the Fe atom to the carbon matrix, making the central Fe more activated to strengthen the interaction with H2O2 and weaken the O-O bond. By performing catalase-like catalysis, the Fe-SANzyme significantly scavenges reactive oxygen species (ROS) and alleviates oxidative stress, thus eliminating the pathological angiogenesis in animal models of retinal vasculopathies without affecting the repair of normal vessels. This work provides a new way to refine SANzymes by engineering the defect environment and geometric structure around metal sites, and demonstrates the potential therapeutic effects of the nanozyme on retinal vasculopathies.