Nucleic Acids Research, 24 December, 2021, DOI：https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkab1271
H2A mono-ubiquitination differentiates FACT’s functions in nucleosome assembly and disassembly
Yi-Zhou Wang, Cuifang Liu, Jicheng Zhao, Juan Yu, Anfeng Luo, Xue Xiao, Shuo-Xing Dou, Lu Ma, Peng-Ye Wang, Ming Li, Guohong Li, Jianbin Yan, Ping Chen, Wei Li
The histone chaperone FACT (FAcilitates Chromatin Transcription) plays an essential role in transcription and DNA replication by its dual functions on nucleosome assembly to maintain chromatin integrity and nucleosome disassembly to destabilize nucleosome and facilitate its accessibility simultaneously. Mono-ubiquitination at Lysine 119 of H2A (ubH2A) has been suggested to repress transcription by preventing the recruitment of FACT at early elongation process. However, up to date, how ubH2A directly affects FACT on nucleosome assembly and disassembly remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that the dual functions of FACT are differently regulated by ubH2A. The H2A ubiquitination does not affect FACT’s chaperone function in nucleosome assembly and FACT can deposit ubH2A–H2B dimer on tetrasome to form intact nucleosome. However, ubH2A greatly restricts FACT binding on nucleosome and inhibits its activity of nucleosome disassembly. Interestingly, deubiquitination of ubH2A rescues the nucleosome disassembly function of FACT to activate gene transcription. Our findings provide mechanistic insights of how H2A ubiquitination affects FACT in breaking nucleosome and maintaining its integrity, which sheds light on the biological function of ubH2A and various FACT’s activity under different chromatin states.