Nano Letters, 12 December, 2018
Exosome-like Nanozyme Vesicles for H2O2-Responsive Catalytic Photoacoustic Imaging of Xenograft Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Hui Ding, Yanjuan Cai, Lizeng Gao, Minmin Liang, Beiping Miao, Hanwei Wu, Yang Liu, Ni Xie, Aifa Tang, Kelong Fan* , Xiyun Yan* , and Guohui Nie*
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is an attractive imaging modality, which is promising for clinical cancer diagnosis due to its advantages on deep tissue penetration and fine spatial resolution. However, few tumor catalytic/responsive PAI strategies are developed. Here, we design an exosome-like nanozyme vesicle for in vivo H2O2-responsive PAI of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of graphene quantum dot nanozyme (GQDzyme) effectively converts the 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) into its oxidized form in the presence of H2O2. The oxidized ABTS exhibits strong near-infrared (NIR) absorbance, rendering it to be an ideal contrast agent for PAI. Thus, GQDzyme/ABTS nanoparticle is a novel type of catalytic PAI contrast agent, which is sensitive to H2O2 produced from NPC cells. Furthermore, we develop an approach to construct exosome-like nanozyme vesicle via biomimetic functionalization of GQDzyme/ABTS nanoparticle with natural erythrocyte membrane modified with folate acid. In vivo animal experiments demonstrated that this exosome-like nanozyme vesicle effectively accumulated in NPC and selectively triggered catalytic PAI for NPC. In addition, our nanozyme vesicle exhibits excellent biocompatibility and stealth ability for long blood circulation. Together, we demonstrate that GQDzyme/ABTS based exosome-like nanozyme vesicle is an ideal nanoplatform for developing deep-tissue tumor-targeted catalytic PAI in vivo.