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The composition of a protein aggregate modulates the specificity and efficiency of its autophagic degradation,Autophagy, Published online: 14 Aug 2017
2017-09-07 | 【     】【打印】【关闭

Autophagy, Published online: 14 Aug 2017,http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2017.1339843

The composition of a protein aggregate modulates the specificity and efficiency of its autophagic degradation

Gangming Zhang, Long Lin, Di Qi & Hong Zhang

AbstractThe mechanism underlying autophagic degradation of a protein aggregate remains largely unknown. A family of receptor proteins that simultaneously bind to the cargo and the Atg8 family of autophagy proteins (such as the MAP1LC3/LC3 subfamily) has been shown to confer cargo selectivity. The selectivity and efficiency of protein aggregate removal is also modulated by scaffold proteins that interact with receptor proteins and ATG proteins. During C. elegans embryogenesis, autophagic clearance of the cargoes PGL-1 and PGL-3 requires the receptor protein SEPA-1 and the scaffold protein EPG-2. SEPA-1 and EPG-2 also form aggregates that are degraded by autophagy. Here we investigated the effect of composition and organization of PGL granules on their autophagic degradation. We found that depletion of PGL-1 or PGL-3 facilitates the degradation of SEPA-1 and EPG-2. Removal of EPG-2 is also promoted when SEPA-1 is absent. Depletion of PGL-1 or PGL-3 renders the degradation of SEPA-1 independent of EPG-2. We further showed that overexpression of SEPA-1 or EPG-2 as well as SQST-1 or EPG-7 (scaffold protein), which belong to different classes of aggregate, has no evident effect on the degradation of the other type. Our results indicate that the composition and organization of protein aggregates provide another layer of regulation to modulate degradation efficiency.

 

KEYWORDS: aggrephagy, C. elegans, PGL granules, receptor protein, scaffold protein

相关报道:http://www.ibp.cas.cn/kyjz/zxdt/201708/t20170820_4850154.html

文章链接:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15548627.2017.1339843

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